河南大學自考網 - 歡迎您!
                  河南大學自考網
                  當前位置: 網站首頁 > 歷年真題 >

                  河大自考《高級英語》考前試題

                  時間:2014-04-16 16:36來源:河南大學自考網 作者:高老師 點擊:
                  【題型:簡答】【分數:10分】 [1] HowAmericaLives (1) Americans still follow many of the old ways. In a time of rapid changes it is essential that we remember how much of the old we cling to. Young people still get married. Of course, many
                  【題型:簡答】【分數:10分】
                  [1]

                   

                  How America Lives

                  (1) Americans still follow many of the old ways. In a time of rapid changes it is essential that we remember how much of the old we cling to. Young people still get married. Of course, many do get divorced, but they remarry at astonishing rates. They have children, but fewer than before. They belong to churches, even though they attend somewhat less frequently, and they want their children to have religious instruction. They are willing to pay taxes for education, and they generously support institutions like hospitals, museums and libraries. In fact, when you compare the America of today with that of 1950, the similarities are far greater than the differences.

                  (2) Americans seem to be growing conservative. The 1980 election, especially for the Senate and House of Representatives, signaled a decided turn to the right insofar as political and social attitudes were concerned. It is as if our country spent the 1960s and 1970s jealously breaking out of old restraints and now wishes to put the brakes on. We should expect to see a reaffirmation of traditional family values, sharp restraints on pornography, a return to religion and a rejection of certain kinds of social legislation.

                  (3) Patterns of courtship and marriage have changed radically. Where sex was concerned, I was raised in an atmosphere of suspicion, repression and Puritanism, and although husky young kids can survive almost anything, many in my generation suffered grievously. Without reservation, I applaud the freer patterns of today, although I believe that it’s been difficult for some families to handle the changes.

                  (4) American women are changing the rules. Thirty years ago I could not have imagined a group of women employees suing a major corporation for millions of dollars of salary which, they alleged, had been denied them because they had been discriminated against. Nor could I imagine women in universities going up to the men who ran the athletic programs and demanding a just share of the physical education budget. At work, at play, at all levels of living women are suggesting new rules.

                  (5) America is worried about its schools. If I had a child today, I would send her or him to a private school for the sake of safety, for the discipline that would be enforced and for the rigorous academic requirements. But I would doubt that the child would get any better education than l did in my good public school. The problem is that good public schools are becoming pitifully rare, and I would not want to take the chance that the one I sent my children to was inadequate.

                  (6) Some Americans must live on welfare. Since it seems obvious that our nation can produce all its needs with only a part of the available work force, some kind of social welfare assistance must be doled out to those who cannot find jobs. When I think of a typical welfare recipient I think of a young neighbor woman whose husband was killed in a tragic accident, leaving her with three young children. In the bad old days she might have known destitution, but with family assistance she was able to hold her children together and produced three fine, tax-paying citizens. America is essentially a compassionate society.

                  (7) America cannot find housing for its young families. I consider this the most serious danger confronting family life in America, and I am appalled that the condition has been allowed to develop. For more than a decade, travelers like me have been aware that in countries like Sweden, Denmark,Russia and India young people have found it almost impossible to acquire homes. In Sweden the customary wait was 11 years of marriage, and we used to ask, “what went wrong?” It seemed to us that a major responsibility of any nation would be to provide homes for its young people starting their families. Well, this dreadful social sickness has now overtaken the United States, and for the same reasons. The builders in our society find it profitable to erect three-bathroom homes that sell for $220,000 with a mortgage at 19 percent but find it impossible to erect small homes for young marrieds. For a major nation to show itself impotent to house its young people is admitting a failure that must be corrected.

                  (8) Our prospects are still good. We have a physical setting of remarkable integrity, the world’s best agriculture, a splendid wealth of minerals, great rivers for irrigation and an unsurpassed system of roads for transportation. We also have a magnificent mixture of people from all the continents with varied traditions and strengths. But most of all, we have a unique and balanced system of government.

                  (9) I think of America as having the oldest form of government on earth, because since we started our present democracy in 1789, every other nation has suffered either parliamentary change or revolutionary change. It is our system that has survived and should survive, giving the maximum number of people a maximum chance for happiness.

                   

                  Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your   answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)

                  What do you think are the merits that we could learn from Americans?

                   

                     
                  答案: points|view|reason|conclusion|talent|inanate ability|agree|disagree|as follows|think
                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:2分】
                  [2]

                  How America Lives

                  (1) Americans still follow many of the old ways. In a time of rapid changes it is essential that we remember how much of the old we cling to. Young people still get married. Of course, many do get divorced, but they remarry at astonishing rates. They have children, but fewer than before. They belong to churches, even though they attend somewhat less frequently, and they want their children to have religious instruction. They are willing to pay taxes for education, and they generously support institutions like hospitals, museums and libraries. In fact, when you compare the America of today with that of 1950, the similarities are far greater than the differences.

                  (2) Americans seem to be growing conservative. The 1980 election, especially for the Senate and House of Representatives, signaled a decided turn to the right insofar as political and social attitudes were concerned. It is as if our country spent the 1960s and 1970s jealously breaking out of old restraints and now wishes to put the brakes on. We should expect to see a reaffirmation of traditional family values, sharp restraints on pornography, a return to religion and a rejection of certain kinds of social legislation.

                  (3) Patterns of courtship and marriage have changed radically. Where sex was concerned, I was raised in an atmosphere of suspicion, repression and Puritanism, and although husky young kids can survive almost anything, many in my generation suffered grievously. Without reservation, I applaud the freer patterns of today, although I believe that it’s been difficult for some families to handle the changes.

                  (4) American women are changing the rules. Thirty years ago I could not have imagined a group of women employees suing a major corporation for millions of dollars of salary which, they alleged, had been denied them because they had been discriminated against. Nor could I imagine women in universities going up to the men who ran the athletic programs and demanding a just share of the physical education budget. At work, at play, at all levels of living women are suggesting new rules.

                  (5) America is worried about its schools. If I had a child today, I would send her or him to a private school for the sake of safety, for the discipline that would be enforced and for the rigorous academic requirements. But I would doubt that the child would get any better education than l did in my good public school. The problem is that good public schools are becoming pitifully rare, and I would not want to take the chance that the one I sent my children to was inadequate.

                  (6) Some Americans must live on welfare. Since it seems obvious that our nation can produce all its needs with only a part of the available work force, some kind of social welfare assistance must be doled out to those who cannot find jobs. When I think of a typical welfare recipient I think of a young neighbor woman whose husband was killed in a tragic accident, leaving her with three young children. In the bad old days she might have known destitution, but with family assistance she was able to hold her children together and produced three fine, tax-paying citizens. America is essentially a compassionate society.

                  (7) America cannot find housing for its young families. I consider this the most serious danger confronting family life in America, and I am appalled that the condition has been allowed to develop. For more than a decade, travelers like me have been aware that in countries like Sweden, Denmark,Russia and India young people have found it almost impossible to acquire homes. In Sweden the customary wait was 11 years of marriage, and we used to ask, “what went wrong?” It seemed to us that a major responsibility of any nation would be to provide homes for its young people starting their families. Well, this dreadful social sickness has now overtaken the United States, and for the same reasons. The builders in our society find it profitable to erect three-bathroom homes that sell for $220,000 with a mortgage at 19 percent but find it impossible to erect small homes for young marrieds. For a major nation to show itself impotent to house its young people is admitting a failure that must be corrected.

                  (8) Our prospects are still good. We have a physical setting of remarkable integrity, the world’s best agriculture, a splendid wealth of minerals, great rivers for irrigation and an unsurpassed system of roads for transportation. We also have a magnificent mixture of people from all the continents with varied traditions and strengths. But most of all, we have a unique and balanced system of government.

                  (9) I think of America as having the oldest form of government on earth, because since we started our present democracy in 1789, every other nation has suffered either parliamentary change or revolutionary change. It is our system that has survived and should survive, giving the maximum number of people a maximum chance for happiness.

                  Translate it into Chinese

                   

                  Nor could I imagine women in universities going up to the men who ran the athletic programs and demanding a just share of the physical education budget.

                   

                     
                  答案:

                  我也不敢想象女大學生會直接去找學校體育項目負責人,要求享有應得的體育預算份額。

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:2分】
                  [3] 與美國傳統不同,總的來說,在英國黑人和白人之間并沒有細微的區分。在倫敦,除了為數不多的幾家只對白人開放的俱樂部外,劃分種族界限的場合很少。英國人沒有膚色偏見,牛津的大學生活更是如此。就是在這樣一種寬松的氣氛里,我的關于種族和家庭的戒備心理松懈下來了。
                     
                  答案: England then, for the most part, was free of the fine distinctions between blacks and whites traditionally made in America. Except for some exclusive clubs inLondon, there were few occasions where racial lines were drawn. The color—blidness of England was especially true in the student life at Oxford. It was in such a relaxed racial atmosphere that all my defenses, about race and home, came down,
                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:2分】
                  [4]

                   

                  (1) Freedom’s challenge in the Atomic Age is a sobering topic. We are facing today a strange new world and we are all wondering what we are going to do with it. What are we going to do with one of our most precious possessions, freedom? The world we know, our Western world, began with something as new as the conquest of space.

                   

                  (2) Some 2,500 years ago Greece discovered freedom. Before that there was no freedom. There were great civilizations, splendid empires, but no freedom anywhere. Egypt, Babylon, Nineveh, were all tyrannies, one immensely powerful man ruling over helpless masses. In Greece, in Athens, a little city in a little country, there were no helpless masses, and a time came when the Athenians were led by a great man who did not want to be powerful. Absolute obedience to the ruler was what the leaders of the empires insisted on. Athens said no, there must never be absolute obedience to a man except in war. There must be willing obedience to what is good for all. Pericles, the great Athenian statesman, said: “We are a free government, but we obey the laws, more especially those which protect the oppressed, and the unwritten laws which, if broken, bring shame.”

                  (3) Athenians willingly obeyed the written laws which they themselves passed, and the unwritten, which must be obeyed if free men live together. They must show each other kindness and pity and the many qualities without which life would be intolerable except to a hermit in the desert. The Athenians never thought that a man was free if he could do what he wanted. A man was free if he was self-controlled. To make yourself obey what you approved was freedom. They were saved from looking at their lives as their own private affair. Each one felt responsible for the welfare ofAthens, not because it was imposed on him from the outside, but because the city was his pride and his safety. The creed of the first free government in the world was liberty for all men who could control themselves and would take responsibility for the state. This was the conception thatunderlay the lofty reach of Greek genius.

                  (4) But discovering freedom is not like discovering atomic bombs. It cannot be discovered once for all. If people do not prize it, and work for it, it will depart. Eternal vigilance is its price.Athens changed. It was a change that took place unnoticed though it was of the utmost importance, a spiritual change which penetrated the whole state. It had been the Athenians’ pride and joy to give to their city. That they could get material benefits from her never entered their minds. There had to be a complete change of attitude before they could look at the city as an employer who paid her citizens for doing her work. Now instead of men giving to their state, the state was to give to them. What the people wanted was a government which would provide a comfortable life for them; and with this as the foremost object, ideas of freedom and self-reliance and responsibility were obscured to the point of disappearing. Athens was more and more looked on as a cooperative business possessed of great wealth in which all citizens had a right to share.

                  (5) She reached the point when the freedom she really wanted was freedom from responsibility. There could be only one result. If men insisted on being free from the burden of self-dependence and responsibility for the common good, they would cease to be free. Responsibility is the price every man must pay for freedom. It is to be had on no other terms. Athens, the Athens of Ancient Greece, refused responsibility, she reached the end of freedom and was never to have it again.

                  (6) But, “the excellent becomes the permanent,” Aristotle said. Athens lost freedom forever, but freedom was not lost forever for the world. A great American statesman, James Madison, in or near the year 1776 A.D. referred to “the capacity of mankind for self-government”. No doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek. Athens was not in the farthest background of his mind, but once a great and good idea has dawned upon man, it is never completely lost. The Atomic Age cannot destroy it. Somehow in this or that man’s thought such an idea lives though unconsidered by the world of action. One can never be sure that it is not on the point of breaking out into action, only sure that it will do so sometime.

                   

                  Translation:

                  She reached the point when the freedom she really wanted was freedom from responsibility 

                  答:  
                  答案: 她(雅典)已經達到了這樣的程度:她所希望的自由即是擺脫了責任的自由。

                   

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:2分】
                  [5] 不幸的是,我們地球上高尚的野蠻人和未被玷污的地方越來越少,除了北極和南極,邊疆地區已無處可覓。
                     
                  答案:

                   

                  Our planet, tmfortunately, is running out of noble savages and unsullied landscapes;except for the polar regions, the frontiers are gone.

                   

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:2分】
                  [6]

                   

                  Why Go to Canada?

                  (1) Huge, scenic and sparsely populated, Canada was rated by the United Nations Human Development Index as the best country to live in. The land of new hopes and opportunities attracts people worldwide.

                  (2) Very few people really understand or know anything about the process of immigration application. First of all a potential immigrant needs to know something about the rules and regulations. The Canadian Government has designed a point system to assess potential independent immigrants. Emphasis is placed on education, practical training, experience and the likelihood of successful settlement inCanada. This means that people with a bachelor degree of some kind and advanced technical or other skills that are in demand in Canada are more likely to be accepted. The Government also adds weight to an application if the individual is fluent in Canada’s official languages, English and French. Therefore someone with a good command of either English or French will have a better chance. Another way to immigrate to Canada is via the immigrant investor program. This provides an opportunity for experienced business persons to immigrate to Canada after making a substantial investment in a provincial government-administered venture capital fund.

                  ( 3 ) If you think you fulfill all the criteria you can easily apply for immigration by yourself. The Canadian Government clearly states: “Any one can apply without the help of a third party”. As often happens in these situations, unscrupulous agents can take advantage of people who think that the only way they can immigrate is by paying huge amounts of money. People who want to become immigrants should carefully investigate the reputation and qualifications of third parties who offer their services for a fee. So why bother to use an immigration agent if application is easy?

                  ( 4 ) Actually there are many good reasons why so many intending migrants use such services. What the least competent and reliable professionals do is simply fill out forms and send them to the Canadian Embassy with the required fees and documents! Some individuals (who can be referred to as “unscrupulous agents”) may fail to send in the correct documents, delay the clients’ application delivery, talk an unqualified candidate into buying their services despite the high possibility that the visa application will be refused or even suggest their clients supply fraudulent documents that are often discovered by the Canadian Embassy. Conversely, a highly qualified and reliable professional service justifies its costs for the comprehensive services it provides. A professional and reliable immigration firm should provide these services for its clients:

                  (5) Firstly, an intending immigrant must first be well aware of his chances of success. A substantial amount of necessary payment and the potential impact on an applicant’s life can be avoided. A highly experienced immigration professional is capable of assessing a client’s chances of success with an extremely high degree of certainty. In the case of a most unfavorable application, he discourages the client’s application.

                  (6) Secondly, depending on an effective interpretation of the selection rules as well as accumulated experiences, an experienced immigration professional highlights the applicant’s qualities and helps persuade visa officials that the applicant is worthy of selection and meets all the selection criteria. If a person doesn’t seem qualified, the adviser tries to find out other alternatives that may exist to make him a successful applicant. Such instances where qualified persons were discouraged from making applications are numerous. For example, a computer programmer whose professional skills are highly sought after in the Canadian labor market may be considered unqualified by the variance of their job description to the specifications in the National Occupational Descriptions published by the Canadian Government. An experienced immigration professional avoids areas of potential misunderstanding and best ensures that all the documents submitted and answers given at an interview will support a successful application.

                  (7) Thirdly, the presentation or package of the application often makes a decisive impression on the visa officer. An experienced immigration professional identifies what type of information can be supplied that is most likely to favorably impress the visa officer considering the application.

                  ( 8 ) Fourthly, in the case of a person who simply does not qualify, an immigration professional indicates the reasons that may lead to their visa application refusal and tries to find out ways to improve their circumstances so they become qualified.

                  ( 9 ) Fifthly, sometimes even highly qualified candidates finally end up in dismay for want of knowledge on migration affairs or misinterpretation of Canadian migration rules. In many cases, due to unnecessary concealing of certain facts that often lead to discovery, a supposedly successful application will be rejected and the applicant’s personal credibility in future applications is ruined. A migration professional explains and convinces the visa officers that a person is highly qualified despite some minor factors that may be unfavorable to his application.

                  (10) Sixthly, a seasoned immigration professional helps identify potential problems and provides advice in advance. An immigration professional is expected to be familiar with immigration law, she/he advises the applicant whether or not to submit certain complimentary documents, what evidence needs to be acquired to help support the candidate, and what should be avoided that may cause a negative impact on the application.

                   

                  Translation:

                  What the least competent and reliable professionals do is simply fill out forms and send them to the Canadian Embassy with the required fees and documents!

                   

                     
                  答案:

                  那些最不勝任、最靠不住的移民公司的專業人員僅僅是為申請人填寫申請表格,然后將填好的表格連同移民所需費用及文件遞交到加拿大使館。

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:3分】
                  [7]

                   

                  (1) Freedom’s challenge in the Atomic Age is a sobering topic. We are facing today a strange new world and we are all wondering what we are going to do with it. What are we going to do with one of our most precious possessions, freedom? The world we know, our Western world, began with something as new as the conquest of space.

                   

                  (2) Some 2,500 years ago Greece discovered freedom. Before that there was no freedom. There were great civilizations, splendid empires, but no freedom anywhere. Egypt, Babylon, Nineveh, were all tyrannies, one immensely powerful man ruling over helpless masses. In Greece, in Athens, a little city in a little country, there were no helpless masses, and a time came when the Athenians were led by a great man who did not want to be powerful. Absolute obedience to the ruler was what the leaders of the empires insisted on. Athens said no, there must never be absolute obedience to a man except in war. There must be willing obedience to what is good for all. Pericles, the great Athenian statesman, said: “We are a free government, but we obey the laws, more especially those which protect the oppressed, and the unwritten laws which, if broken, bring shame.”

                  (3) Athenians willingly obeyed the written laws which they themselves passed, and the unwritten, which must be obeyed if free men live together. They must show each other kindness and pity and the many qualities without which life would be intolerable except to a hermit in the desert. The Athenians never thought that a man was free if he could do what he wanted. A man was free if he was self-controlled. To make yourself obey what you approved was freedom. They were saved from looking at their lives as their own private affair. Each one felt responsible for the welfare ofAthens, not because it was imposed on him from the outside, but because the city was his pride and his safety. The creed of the first free government in the world was liberty for all men who could control themselves and would take responsibility for the state. This was the conception thatunderlay the lofty reach of Greek genius.

                  (4) But discovering freedom is not like discovering atomic bombs. It cannot be discovered once for all. If people do not prize it, and work for it, it will depart. Eternal vigilance is its price.Athens changed. It was a change that took place unnoticed though it was of the utmost importance, a spiritual change which penetrated the whole state. It had been the Athenians’ pride and joy to give to their city. That they could get material benefits from her never entered their minds. There had to be a complete change of attitude before they could look at the city as an employer who paid her citizens for doing her work. Now instead of men giving to their state, the state was to give to them. What the people wanted was a government which would provide a comfortable life for them; and with this as the foremost object, ideas of freedom and self-reliance and responsibility were obscured to the point of disappearing. Athens was more and more looked on as a cooperative business possessed of great wealth in which all citizens had a right to share.

                  (5) She reached the point when the freedom she really wanted was freedom from responsibility. There could be only one result. If men insisted on being free from the burden of self-dependence and responsibility for the common good, they would cease to be free. Responsibility is the price every man must pay for freedom. It is to be had on no other terms. Athens, the Athens of Ancient Greece, refused responsibility, she reached the end of freedom and was never to have it again.

                  (6) But, “the excellent becomes the permanent,” Aristotle said. Athens lost freedom forever, but freedom was not lost forever for the world. A great American statesman, James Madison, in or near the year 1776 A.D. referred to “the capacity of mankind for self-government”. No doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek. Athens was not in the farthest background of his mind, but once a great and good idea has dawned upon man, it is never completely lost. The Atomic Age cannot destroy it. Somehow in this or that man’s thought such an idea lives though unconsidered by the world of action. One can never be sure that it is not on the point of breaking out into action, only sure that it will do so sometime.

                   

                  Translation:

                   

                  They must show each other kindness and pity and the many qualities without which life would be intolerable except to a hermit in the desert.

                   

                   

                     
                  答案:

                  他們必須彼此友善、相互同情,此外,還需要具備許多其他品質,否則生活將不能忍受,除非你是荒漠中的隱士。

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:3分】 得分:3分
                  [8]

                   

                  人真是集矛盾之大成!毫無疑問,惟有幽默才是彌足珍貴的美德。

                   

                     
                  答案:

                   

                   What a bundle of contradiction a man is. Surely humor is the only saving grace of us.

                   

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:3分】
                  [9] 讀寫能力可能算不上一項不可剝奪的人權,但我們極有學問的開國元勛們并不覺得    它不合理,甚至達不到。從統計數字看,我們不僅沒有在全國范圍內達到人人都能讀寫的目標,而目離達到這個目標越來越遠。盡管我不會簡單到認為電視是造成這一局面的直接原因,我卻相信它起了一定作用,是一個影響因素。
                     
                  答案:

                   

                  Literacy may not be an inalienable human right, but it is one that the highly literate Founling Fathers might not have found unreasonable or even unattainable. We are not only not attaining it as a nation, statistically speaking,but we are falling further and further short of attaining it, And, while I would not be so simplistic as to suggest that television is the cause, I helieve it sontributes and is an influence.

                   

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:3分】
                  [10] 他坐下來摸出一只煙,但是當他把煙放在唇間時卻忘了點燃它。
                     
                  答案:

                   

                  He sat down and felt for a cigarette,but when he got it between his lips he forgot to light it.

                   

                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:3分】
                  [11]

                   

                  The Birth of Rock

                      In some ways, the origin of rock and roll can be traced to a rivalry between two economic organizations in the music industry: ASCAP and BMI. The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) were formed in 1914 to guarantee that its members received a fee for the playing of their songs. ASCAP'right to collect this fee from the radio stations stood one court test after another.ASCAP charged each radio station a blanket amount to use its material. In 1941 it announced a 100 percent fee increase. Radio stations refused to go along, and as a result all songs protected by ASCAP were taken off the air. This included the work of many of the popular songwriters of the time and left radio stations with little music. The dispute was settled, at least temporarily, towards the end of 1941, but by that time radio stations had begun to rely on music provided by a new guild of composers.

                     Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI), was formed to scout for fresh talent who could provide radio stations with music. This became increasingly important as more stations switched to the deejay format.BMI were looking for a new sound. The sound they found was rock and roll. By the mid?1950's BMI was a powerful force and so was the new sound.

                    In 1956 the Anti-Trust Committee of the House Judiciary Committee investigated BMI's domination of the recording industry. Songwriter Billy Rose, an ASCAP member, outlined BMI's role in the rise of rock and roll.www.hbshx.com
                  Not only are more of the BMI song junk, but in some cases they are obscene junk pretty much on the level with dirty comic magazines… It is the current climate on radio and TV which makes Elvis Presley and his animal posturing possible…

                     When ASCAP's songwriters were permitted to be heard,Al Joslon,Nora Bays, and Eddie Cantor were all big salesmen of songs. Today it is a set of untalented twitchers and twisters whose appeal is largely to the zootsuiter and the juvenile delinquent.

                     But of course there was much more to it than that. Rock and roll had come at a time when young people were finding it difficult to relate to the likes or Doris Day and Patti Page. There had been too many “adult”bands and too many tired crooners. Youth now wanted a sound of its own something new, different, and vital.

                    Rock was actually a blend of country music and rhythm and blues(R&B) that was popular among black people during the early 1950's.But record producers suspected that national white audiences would never idolize a black popular singer, no matter how much they liked the R&B beat. Sam Phillips, a lawyer and former disco jockey who formed Sun Records in the early 1950s,was a tireless researcher. He drove all over the South looking for new talent and promoting his records.“What I need,”he said, unabashedly,“is a white boy who can sing colored.” In 1954 he found him. Elvis Presley recorded“That's Alright Mama”,and the song enjoyed moderate success on the country music charts. Within two years Presley became the Sinatra of the 1950s, and by the end of the decade, the older generation was explaining to the young that Sinatra had been the Elvis Presley of the 1940's.

                      The father of rock and roll was Cleveland Deejay Alan Freed, who had started mixing R&B songs with Al Martino and Frank Sinatra records as early as 1951 on W/W. It was he who coined the term rock and roll to make R&B palatable to his white audience. In 1954 Freed moved to WINS in New York, where his Moodog's Rock and Roll Party was an instant success. WINS was soon the number one station in New York. Freed helped introduce Bill Haley's “Rock around the Clock”,the first rock and roll single to reach the top of the charts.

                      The Blackboard Jungle, a film about juvenile delinquency, featured “Rock around the Clock”as part of the soundtrack. The pulsating, uninhibited new sound was linked with restless, rebellious youth. Young people flocked to the screen to see that film and others in a similar vein. Radio, movies, and print media all contributed to the rise of rock and roll as the king of popular music.

                      “Rock around the Clock”was the best?selling song of 1955.In 1956 Elvis Presley had five of the year's 16 best sellers, including the number one and number two records,“Don't Be Cruel” and“Heartbreak Hotel”.I was one of the millions of kids who stood in front of the mirror with a plastic guitar and tried my best to imitate his wild pelvic movements.

                      Dick Clark's American Bandstand sent the latest songs out to millions of America's teenagers. Many artists like Frankie Avlon, Fabian, Paul Anka, Bobby Dorin, and Bobby Rydell used the dance show as a stepping stone in their careers. Every one of them was a teenage idol in the mold of Sinatra and Presley; all made millions of dollars and were worshiped everywhere they went. But none surpassedPresley; he remained  “the King”.Though he died in 1977, his music and the impact it had on American youth will be felt for decades to come.

                      Another change that happened during the 1950's was the disappearance of the 78——rpm discs that had taken over from Edison's cylinders. The 78s were too large and too breakable, so they were replaced by the smaller, more durable 45—rpm records. Teenagers could pick up  a couple of dozen of these and take them to a “sock hop”.This helped records and the music to become an important part of the youth culture.

                      Despite the anguished pleas of the older generation and of songwriters like Billy Rose, rock and roll was here to stay.

                   

                  Translation:

                   

                  Rock was actually a blend of country music and rhythm and blues (R & B) that was popular among black people during the early 1950's.

                   

                     
                  答案: 五十年代初期黑人中非常流行的是節奏布魯士音樂,而搖滾樂實際上是鄉村音樂和節奏布魯士音樂的混合體。
                  【題型:翻譯】【分數:5分】
                  [12] 這一切至關重要且相互關聯的因素共同決定一個人晚年生活的質量。
                     
                  答案:

                  All of these are crucial and interconnected elements which together determine the quality of late life.

                   

                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [13]  The score is 3 to 2 in their favor. This is not ________ result as we expected.
                    A a bad
                    B as a bad
                    C bad a
                    D as bad a
                     
                  答案: D
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [14]  She was ______ of her notorious family scandal.
                    A shameful
                    B shameless
                    C ashamed
                    D shamed
                     
                  答案: C
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [15]  Such ______ of the facts cannot be allowed to go unchallenged.
                    A distortion
                    B disturbance
                    C distraction
                    D distribution
                     
                  答案: A
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [16]  

                   Filled with great ______ for their integrity and courage, he was determined to be a man like them.

                    A adulation
                    B admiration
                    C acquisition
                    D association
                     
                  答案: B
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [17]  To remove the paint, he had to apply a knife to ______ the table.
                    A scrape
                    B rub
                    C dab
                    D peel
                     
                  答案: A
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [18]  

                  It was _____ and she did not know enough to analyze each problem properly.

                    A encouraging
                    B exhausting
                    C excited
                    D enchanted
                     
                  答案: B
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [19]  John was angry when the boss said that his proposal was completely ______.
                    A disposable
                    B dismissible
                    C unapproachable
                    D unavoidable
                     
                  答案: B
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [20]  ________ for the war , the two countries would have normalized their relations thirty years earlier.
                    A If it was not
                    B If had it not been
                    C Were it not
                    D Had it not been
                     
                  答案: D
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [21]  His muscles are firmest and his ______ colds and infections is highest.
                    A ignorance of
                    B independence of
                    C resistance to
                    D attribution to
                     
                  答案: C
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [22]  I’m tired of listening to her ______ the virtues of her children.
                    A exposing
                    B explaining
                    C extending
                    D extolling
                     
                  答案: D
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [23]  

                  He said he would go to the dress rehearsal, ______ he was not too busy.

                    A provided
                    B unless
                    C if
                    D because
                     
                  答案: A
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [24]  Neither of my parents remembered ___________that man before.
                    A have ever seen
                    B to have ever seen
                    C having ever seen
                    D to ever see
                     
                  答案: C
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [25]  

                  Jack managed to get 147 tapes and 100 books plus lots of magazines through customs in a(n)      _____ way.

                    A incredulous
                    B miraculous
                    C weried
                    D poor
                     
                  答案: B
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [26]  Like so many politicians, he had an ______ appetite for power.
                    A innumerable
                    B inseparable
                    C insufferable
                    D insatiable
                     
                  答案: D
                  【題型:單選】【分數:1分】
                  [27]  If the market is left ____________, there will sometimes be shortages or over-production.
                    A to be run
                    B to run itself
                    C running by itself
                    D running
                     
                  答案: C
                  【題型:閱讀】【分數:20分】
                  [28]

                  Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items

                  (1) Freedom’s challenge in the Atomic Age is a sobering topic. We are facing today a strange new world and we are all wondering what we are going to do with it. What are we going to do with one of our most precious possessions, freedom? The world we know, our Western world, began with something as new as the conquest of space.

                   

                  (2) Some 2,500 years ago Greece discovered freedom. Before that there was no freedom. There were great civilizations, splendid empires, but no freedom anywhere. Egypt, Babylon, Nineveh, were all tyrannies, one immensely powerful man ruling over helpless masses. In Greece, in Athens, a little city in a little country, there were no helpless masses, and a time came when the Athenians were led by a great man who did not want to be powerful. Absolute obedience to the ruler was what the leaders of the empires insisted on. Athens said no, there must never be absolute obedience to a man except in war. There must be willing obedience to what is good for all. Pericles, the great Athenian statesman, said: “We are a free government, but we obey the laws, more especially those which protect the oppressed, and the unwritten laws which, if broken, bring shame.”

                  (3) Athenians willingly obeyed the written laws which they themselves passed, and the unwritten, which must be obeyed if free men live together. They must show each other kindness and pity and the many qualities without which life would be intolerable except to a hermit in the desert. The Athenians never thought that a man was free if he could do what he wanted. A man was free if he was self-controlled. To make yourself obey what you approved was freedom. They were saved from looking at their lives as their own private affair. Each one felt responsible for the welfare ofAthens, not because it was imposed on him from the outside, but because the city was his pride and his safety. The creed of the first free government in the world was liberty for all men who could control themselves and would take responsibility for the state. This was the conception thatunderlay the lofty reach of Greek genius.

                  (4) But discovering freedom is not like discovering atomic bombs. It cannot be discovered once for all. If people do not prize it, and work for it, it will depart. Eternal vigilance is its price.Athens changed. It was a change that took place unnoticed though it was of the utmost importance, a spiritual change which penetrated the whole state. It had been the Athenians’ pride and joy to give to their city. That they could get material benefits from her never entered their minds. There had to be a complete change of attitude before they could look at the city as an employer who paid her citizens for doing her work. Now instead of men giving to their state, the state was to give to them. What the people wanted was a government which would provide a comfortable life for them; and with this as the foremost object, ideas of freedom and self-reliance and responsibility were obscured to the point of disappearing. Athens was more and more looked on as a cooperative business possessed of great wealth in which all citizens had a right to share.

                  (5) She reached the point when the freedom she really wanted was freedom from responsibility. There could be only one result. If men insisted on being free from the burden of self-dependence and responsibility for the common good, they would cease to be free. Responsibility is the price every man must pay for freedom. It is to be had on no other terms. Athens, the Athens of Ancient Greece, refused responsibility, she reached the end of freedom and was never to have it again.

                  (6) But, “the excellent becomes the permanent,” Aristotle said. Athens lost freedom forever, but freedom was not lost forever for the world. A great American statesman, James Madison, in or near the year 1776 A.D. referred to “the capacity of mankind for self-government”. No doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek. Athens was not in the farthest background of his mind, but once a great and good idea has dawned upon man, it is never completely lost. The Atomic Age cannot destroy it. Somehow in this or that man’s thought such an idea lives though unconsidered by the world of action. One can never be sure that it is not on the point of breaking out into action, only sure that it will do so sometime. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each)http://bbs.zikao5.com 自考資料,自考白皮書

                  1. “Sobering topic” in paragraph 1 is a topic that makes one feel very ______.

                   A. nervous                                                    B. excited

                   C. serious                                                      D. sad

                  2. It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that ______.

                   A. Athenians would be willing to obey what would benefit them all

                   B. Egyptians insisted on absolute obedience to a powerful man

                   C. Athenians would be willing to obey a tyranny

                   D. Egyptians opposed any form of government

                  3. The word “underlay” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

                   A. was the consequence of                              B. was the cause of

                   C. was the key to                                           D. was the basis of

                  4. In paragraph 4, “atomic bombs” is mentioned in order to ______.

                   A. emphasize that atomic bombs will threaten the survival of mankind

                   B. illustrate that freedom requires constant pursuit and dedication

                   C. stress that freedom is as influential as atomic bombs

                   D. point out that it took a long time to discover freedom

                  5. The word “obscured” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ______.

                   A. made difficult to know or understand

                   B. made easy to know or understand

                   C. made hard to deal with

                   D. made clear to see

                  6. Paragraph 4 is mainly about ______.

                   A. the Athenians’s pride and joy to give to their city

                   B. the ideas of freedom and self-reliance

                   C. the spiritual change of the Athenians

                   D. a cooperative business

                  7. According to paragraph 5, the relationship between freedom and responsibility is that ______.

                   A. freedom is independent of responsibility

                   B. responsibility is the precondition of freedom

                   C. responsibility is the natural result of freedom

                   D. freedom is more important than responsibility

                  8. The author’s opinion about freedom in the future is that ______.

                   A. once lost, freedom will never be regained

                   B. people will never have freedom again

                   C. freedom will be challenged

                   D. freedom will last forever

                  9. “No doubt he had not an idea that he was speaking Greek” in paragraph 6 means ______.

                   A. he was thinking about the Greek freedom when he said this

                   B. he didn’t know he was speaking the language of Greek

                   C. Greek freedom was not on his mind when he said this

                   D. definitely he didn’t know what Greek freedom was

                  10. The best title for this passage is ______.

                   A. The Disappearance of Freedom                   B. The Development of Freedom

                   C. Importance of Freedom                              D. Roots of Freedom

                     
                  答案:

                  CADBACBDCD

                  【題型:填空】【分數:25分】 得分:25分
                  [29]  

                  Many doctors working on the battlefield of terminal suffering think that only squeamishness demands a   1  difference between passive and active euthanasia on request. Their   2   for killing goes like this: one of a doctor’s   3   is to prevent suffering; sometimes that is all there is left for him to do, and killing is the only way to do it. There is nothing new in this view. When Hippocrates   4   his oath for doctors, which explicitly rules   5   active killing, most other Greek doctors and thinkers disagreed with his   6  .

                   

                  The women’s magazines are about one third   7   to clothes, one third to mild comment   8   sex, and the   9  third to recipes and pictures of handsome salads, desserts, and main   10   . “Institutes” exist to experiment and tell housewives how to cook attractive meals and how to turn leftovers into   11   of art. The food thus pictured looks   12   famous paintings of still life. The only trouble is it’s tasteless.

                   

                  One of the greatest and most   13   criticisms of television has been that in   14   to the largest audience possible, it neglects minority audiences and minority tastes. This is still   15   true. But there is, perhaps, one program a day and many, of course, on Sunday which an intelligent man or woman can enjoy and  16   interest from. In my trips east or west or north or south, I pick up the   17   paper to find this enjoyment or interest—  18   vain.

                   

                  American individualism, on the   19   of it an admirable philosophy, wishes to manifest itself in independence of the community. You don’t share things in   20  ; you have your own things. A family’s strength is signalized by its possessions. Herein lies a   21  . For the desire for possessions must eventually mean dependence on possessions. Freedom is slavery. Once let the   22   instinct burgeon, and there are ruggedly individual forces   23   too ready to make it come to full and monstrous   24  . New appetites are invented; what to the European are bizarre    25   become, to the American, plain necessities.

                   

                  A.acquisitive

                  B.appealing

                  C.argument

                  D.ban

                  E.blossom

                  F.common

                  G.courses

                  H.dedicated

                  I.derive

                  J.duties

                  K.face

                  L.firm

                  M.formulated

                  N.in

                  O.justified

                  P.largely

                  Q.like

                  R.local

                  S.on

                  T.only

                  U.other

                  V.out

                  W.paradox

                  X.works

                     
                  答案:  L |C |J |M |V |D |H |S|U |G |X |Q |O |B |P |I |R |N |K |F |W |A |T |E | Y
                  (責任編輯:河南大學自考)
                  頂一下
                  (6)
                  100%
                  踩一下
                  (0)
                  0%
                  ------分隔線----------------------------
                  發表評論
                  請自覺遵守互聯網相關的政策法規,嚴禁發布色情、暴力、反動的言論。
                  評價:
                  用戶名: 驗證碼: 點擊我更換圖片

                  微信交談